Bài viết sau đây sẽ cung cấp cho bạn đầy đủ kiến thức và nội dung về christopher columbus american more than 500 years ago mà bạn đang tìm kiếm do chính biên tập viên Làm Bài Tập biên soạn và tổng hợp. Ngoài ra, bạn có thể tìm thấy những chủ đề có liên quan khác trên trang web lambaitap.edu.vn của chúng tôi. Hy vọng bài viết này sẽ giúp ích cho bạn.
- Christopher Columbus and the Age of Discovery
- Early Life and Nationality
- The First Voyage
- Christopher Columbus’ Ships: Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria
- Christopher Columbus’s Later Voyages
- Legacy of Christopher Columbus
The explorer Christopher Columbus made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain: in 1492, 1493, 1498 and 1502. He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but he never did. Instead, he stumbled upon the Americas. Though he did not really “discover” the so-called New World—millions of people already lived there—his journeys marked the beginning of centuries of exploration and colonization of North and South America.
WATCH: Columbus: The Lost Voyage on HISTORY Vault
Christopher Columbus and the Age of Discovery
During the 15th and 16th centuries, leaders of several European nations sponsored expeditions abroad in the hope that explorers would find great wealth and vast undiscovered lands. The Portuguese were the earliest participants in this “Age of Discovery,” also known as “Age of Exploration.”
Starting in about 1420, small Portuguese ships known as caravels zipped along the African coast, carrying spices, gold and other goods as well as enslaved people from Asia and Africa to Europe.
Did you know? Christopher Columbus was not the first person to propose that a person could reach Asia by sailing west from Europe. In fact, scholars argue that the idea is almost as old as the idea that the Earth is round. (That is, it dates back to early Rome.)
Other European nations, particularly Spain, were eager to share in the seemingly limitless riches of the “Far East.” By the end of the 15th century, Spain’s “Reconquista”—the expulsion of Jews and Muslims out of the kingdom after centuries of war—was complete, and the nation turned its attention to exploration and conquest in other areas of the world.
READ MORE: Exploration of North America: The Essential Facts
Early Life and Nationality
Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, is believed to have been born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451. When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship. He remained at sea until 1476, when pirates attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast.
The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he eventually studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation. He also began to hatch the plan that would change the world forever.
The First Voyage
At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid. Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: They sailed south along the West African coast and around the Cape of Good Hope.
But Columbus had a different idea: Why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the massive African continent? The young navigator’s logic was sound, but his math was faulty. He argued (incorrectly) that the circumference of the Earth was much smaller than his contemporaries believed it was; accordingly, he believed that the journey by boat from Europe to Asia should be not only possible, but comparatively easy via an as-yet undiscovered Northwest Passage.
He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it was not until 1492 that he found a sympathetic audience: the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile.
Columbus wanted fame and fortune. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe. (Columbus, a devout Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility.)
Columbus’ contract with the Spanish rulers promised that he could keep 10 percent of whatever riches he found, along with a noble title and the governorship of any lands he should encounter.
Christopher Columbus’ Ships: Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria
On August 3, 1492, Columbus and his crew set sail from Spain in three ships: the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. On October 12, the ships made landfall—not in the East Indies, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands, likely San Salvador.
For months, Columbus sailed from island to island in what we now know as the Caribbean, looking for the “pearls, precious stones, gold, silver, spices, and other objects and merchandise whatsoever” that he had promised to his Spanish patrons, but he did not find much. In January 1493, leaving several dozen men behind in a makeshift settlement on Hispaniola (present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic), he left for Spain.
He kept a detailed diary during his first voyage. Christopher Columbus’s journal was written between August 3, 1492, and November 6, 1492 and mentions everything from the wildlife he encountered, like dolphins and birds, to the weather to the moods of his crew. More troublingly, it also recorded his initial impressions of the local people and his argument for why they should be enslaved.
“They … brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things, which they exchanged for the glass beads and hawks’ bells,” he wrote. “They willingly traded everything they owned … They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features …They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron …They would make fine servants … With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.”
Columbus gifted the journal to Isabella upon his return.
READ MORE: The Ships of Christopher Columbus Were Sleek, Fast—and Cramped
Christopher Columbus’s Later Voyages
About six months later, in September 1493, Columbus returned to the Americas. He found the Hispaniola settlement destroyed and left his brothers Bartolomeo and Diego Columbus behind to rebuild, along with part of his ships’ crew and hundreds of enslaved indigenous people.
Then he headed west to continue his mostly fruitless search for gold and other goods. His group now included a large number of indigenous people the Europeans had enslaved. In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some 500 enslaved people to Queen Isabella. The queen was horrified—she believed that any people Columbus “discovered” were Spanish subjects who could not be enslaved—and she promptly and sternly returned the explorer’s gift.
In May 1498, Columbus sailed west across the Atlantic for the third time. He visited Trinidad and the South American mainland before returning to the ill-fated Hispaniola settlement, where the colonists had staged a bloody revolt against the Columbus brothers’ mismanagement and brutality. Conditions were so bad that Spanish authorities had to send a new governor to take over. Meanwhile, the native Taino population, forced to search for gold and to work on plantations, was decimated (within 60 years after Columbus landed, only a few hundred of what may have been 250,000 Taino were left on their island). Christopher Columbus was arrested and returned to Spain in chains.
In 1502, cleared of the most serious charges but stripped of his noble titles, the aging Columbus persuaded the Spanish crown to pay for one last trip across the Atlantic. This time, Columbus made it all the way to Panama—just miles from the Pacific Ocean—where he had to abandon two of his four ships after damage from storms and hostile natives. Empty-handed, the explorer returned to Spain, where he died in 1506.
Legacy of Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus did not “discover” the Americas, nor was he even the first European to visit the “New World.” (Viking explorer Leif Erikson had sailed to Greenland and Newfoundland in the 11th century.)
However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents. The Columbian Exchange transferred people, animals, food and disease across cultures. Old World wheat became an American food staple. African coffee and Asian sugar cane became cash crops for Latin America, while American foods like corn, tomatoes and potatoes were introduced into European diets.
Today, Columbus has a controversial legacy—he is remembered as a daring and path-breaking explorer who transformed the New World, yet his actions also unleashed changes that would eventually devastate the native populations he and his fellow explorers encountered.
READ MORE: Christopher Columbus: How The Explorer’s Legend Grew—and Then Drew Fire
Top 17 christopher columbus american more than 500 years ago tổng hợp bởi Lambaitap.edu.vn
Christopher Columbus ______ American more than 500 years ago
- Tác giả: hoc24h.vn
- Ngày đăng: 03/09/2022
- Đánh giá: 4.9 (611 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Christopher Columbus ______ American more than 500 years ago. A. discovered. B. has discovered. C. had discovered. D. had been discovering.
Christopher columbus_______american more than 500 years ago a
- Tác giả: hoidapvietjack.com
- Ngày đăng: 04/13/2022
- Đánh giá: 4.71 (440 vote)
- Tóm tắt: christopher columbus_______american more than 500 years ago a. discovered b. has discovered c. had discovered d. had been discovering.
Vikings reached America 500 years before Christopher Columbus, study claims
- Tác giả: independent.co.uk
- Ngày đăng: 03/23/2022
- Đánh giá: 4.53 (552 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Vikings reached America 500 years before Christopher Columbus, study claims · Scientists looked at chopped wood in L’Anse aux Meadows, which has …
Where was christopher columbus from. In Columbus’s day, His
- Tác giả: troykamed.com
- Ngày đăng: 12/31/2021
- Đánh giá: 4.37 (452 vote)
- Tóm tắt: The Greeks had proved it 2,000 years before Columbus was born. … of Italy wasn’t unified until 1861, more than 350 years after Columbus sailed to America.
Christopher Columbus is said …………… American more than 500 ye
- Tác giả: tuhoc365.vn
- Ngày đăng: 02/05/2022
- Đánh giá: 3.79 (207 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Dấu hiệu: more than 500 years ago => hành động đã xảy ra trong quá khứ. Tạm dịch: Christopher Columbus được cho là đã khám phá ra châu Mĩ từ hơn 500 năm …
The Real Story: Who Discovered America
- Tác giả: voanews.com
- Ngày đăng: 04/30/2022
- Đánh giá: 3.67 (407 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering the Americas in 1492. … New Mexico, dated to over 11,000 years ago.
- Khớp với kết quả tìm kiếm: Speaking of genetics, a 2014 study of the DNA of natives on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island, found a fair amount of Native American genes in the mix. The entry of American DNA into the genetics of the Rapa Nui natives …
Christopher Columbus America more than 500 years ago
- Tác giả: hoc247.net
- Ngày đăng: 03/11/2022
- Đánh giá: 3.4 (256 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Christopher Columbus ______ America more than 500 years ago. A. discovered. B. has discovered. C …
Christopher Columbus American more than 500 years ago
- Tác giả: moon.vn
- Ngày đăng: 04/20/2022
- Đánh giá: 3.36 (212 vote)
- Tóm tắt: ID 615027. Christopher Columbus American more than 500 years ago. A. discovered B. has discovered C. had discovered D. had been discovering.
1492: An Ongoing Voyage What Came To Be Called America
- Tác giả: loc.gov
- Ngày đăng: 10/12/2022
- Đánh giá: 3.06 (531 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Oviedo came to America in 1514, where for over thirty years he compiled … and was first introduced to Europeans during Columbus’ first voyage of 1492.
Christopher Columbus America more than 500 years ago
- Tác giả: hoctapsgk.com
- Ngày đăng: 01/08/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.8 (62 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Christopher Columbus ______ America more than 500 years ago. Trang tài liệu, đề thi, kiểm tra website giáo dục Việt Nam. Giúp học sinh rèn luyện nâng cao …
Christopher Columbus America more than 500 years ago. – Toploigiai
- Tác giả: toploigiai.vn
- Ngày đăng: 09/18/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.75 (110 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Christopher Columbus discovered America more than 500 years ago. Tạm dịch: Christopher Columbus đã phát hiện ra nước Mỹ cách đây hơn 500 năm.
A Proclamation on Columbus Day, 2021
- Tác giả: whitehouse.gov
- Ngày đăng: 08/29/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.79 (57 vote)
- Tóm tắt: More than 500 years ago, after securing the support of Queen Isabella I and King Ferdinand II, Christopher Columbus launched the Niña, …
Xem thêm: Top 20 after a lot of difficulty he
Giúp mình vói ạ Câu này khó quá
- Tác giả: hoidap247.com
- Ngày đăng: 07/01/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.6 (87 vote)
- Tóm tắt: 8. Christopher Columbus – American more than 500 years ago. A. discovered B. has discovered C. had discovered 9. He fell down when he, …
Representative Lisa McClain on Twitter: “More than 500 years ago
- Tác giả: twitter.com
- Ngày đăng: 02/03/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.57 (178 vote)
- Tóm tắt: More than 500 years ago, Christopher Columbus discovered a New World full of promise and opportunity. We proudly celebrate the sacrifice Columbus made and the …
Bài Tập Trắc Nghiệm Tiếng Anh Về Các Thì 2022
- Tác giả: kissenglishcenter.com
- Ngày đăng: 05/20/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.47 (163 vote)
- Tóm tắt: D. for ten years. 8. Christopher Columbus ______ American more than 500 years ago. A. discovered. B. has discovered. C. had discovered.
- Khớp với kết quả tìm kiếm: Các thì trong tiếng Anh là nền tảng cơ bản nhưng vô cùng quan trọng đối với học viên cũng như người sử dụng tiếng Anh. Trong bài viết ngày hôm nay, KISS English sẽ chia sẻ cho các bạn những bài tập trắc nghiệm tiếng anh về các thì hay và bổ ích. Hãy …
Evidence America’s Discovered by Vikings 500 Years Before Christopher Columbus
- Tác giả: technologynetworks.com
- Ngày đăng: 09/17/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.3 (79 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Columbus was not the first European to reach the Americas. The Vikings got there centuries beforehand, although exactly when has remained …
- Khớp với kết quả tìm kiếm: Columbus was not the first European to reach the Americas. The Vikings got there centuries beforehand, although exactly when has remained unclear. Here, scientists of the University of Groningen and an international team of collegues, show that …
Christopher Columbus America more than 500 years ago d
- Tác giả: luyentap247.com
- Ngày đăng: 04/12/2022
- Đánh giá: 2.25 (135 vote)
- Tóm tắt: Christopher Columbus ______ America more than 500 years ago. A. discovered. B. has discovered. C. had discovered. D. had been discovering.